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CHEN Yongshun


Chair professor

Head

Department of Ocean Science and Engineering

0755-88018779

Room 501, Block 9, Innovation Park

johnyc@sustc.edu.cn

Basic information

Yongshun John Chen, Chair Professor and head of Department of Ocean Science and Engineering at Southern University of Science and Technology. He received his PhD in geophysics in 1989 at Princeton University, where he worked with W. Jason Morgan, one of the greatest geophysicists who achieved worldwide acclaim for his contributions to the theory of plate tectonics. After two-years postdoctoral at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, John Chen joined the faulty at Oregon State University in 1991and he was promoted to Associated Professor in 1996. Since 2001, John Chen returned to China and served as chair professor at Peking University. he was awarded as National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars. In 2004, he was the chief editor of Marine Geophysical Researches. Between 1994 and 1997, he was the editorial member of JGR-Solid Earth. Since 1988, he had published more than 130 papers in the world’s leading geophysical journals, including Nature, JGR, EPSL, GRL.

 

                                                 

Education Background

  • 1978.02-1982.07 Earth and Space Department, University of Science and Technology of China, Bachelor (Geophysics)
  • 1983.08-1985.06 Department of Geology and Geophysics, Princeton University, Master (Geophysics)
  • 1985.07-1989.04  Department of Geology and Geophysics, Princeton University, Doctor (Geophysics)
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Working Experience

  • 1989.05-1990.12 Scripps Oceanography Institute of University of California San Diego, University of California, Post-doctor     
  • 1991.01-1996.06 Oceanography Institute, Oregon State University, Assistant Professor     
  • 1994.06-1994.09 Scripps Oceanography Institute of University of California San Diego, University of California, Guest Professor     
  • 1995.06-1995.09 Scripps Oceanography Institute of University of California San Diego, University of California, Guest Professor     
  • 1996.07-2002.12 Oceanography Institute, Oregon State University, Associate Professor     
  • 2004.04-2004.08 Earth Dynamics Research Center of the Science Department, Ehime University, Guest Professor     
  • 2001.10-2013.10 Director of  Institute of theoretical and Applied Geophysics,  School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University,
  • 2015.07 - present Department of Ocean Science & Engineering, South University of Science and Technology, Chair Professor
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Main Publications from 2000

Chen, Y. J., Dependence of crustal accretion and ridge axis topography on spreading rate, mantle temperature, and hydrothermal cooling,  in  Dilek, Y., Moores, E.M., Elthon, D., and Nicolas, A., eds., Ophiolites and Oceanic Crust: New Insights from Field Studies and the Ocean Drilling Program; Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America Special Paper 349, p. 161-179, 2000.

Chen, Y. J., Thermal effects of gabbro accretion from a deeper second melt lens at the fast spreading East Pacific Rise, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 8581-8588, 2001.

Graham, D., G. Ito, and Y. J. Chen, Physical and chemical effects of mantle plume-spreading ridge interaction, RIDGE Events, v.11, No. 2, p. 12, 2001.

Chen, Y. J., Seafloor spreading and dynamics of mid-ocean ridges, in Earth’s Structure, Evolution and Dynamics, Advances in Earth Sciences, vol. 1, edited by Y. Zhang and A. Yin, Chinese Higher Education Press, Beijing, p. 283-329, 2002 (in Chinese).

Chen, Y. J., Influence of the Iceland mantle plume on crustal accretion at the inflated Reykjanes Ridge – Magma lens and low hydrothermal activity? Journal of Geophysical Research, 108(B11), 2524, 10.1029/2001JB000816, 12 November 2003.

Chen, Y. J. and J. Lin, High sensitivity of ocean ridge thermal structure to changes in magma supply: the Galapagos Spreading Center, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 221, 263-273, 2004. Citation: 20

Chen, Y. J. (2004), Modeling the thermal state of the oceanic crust, in Mid-Ocean Ridges: Hydrothermal Interactions Between the Lithosphere and Oceans, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 148, edited by C. R. German, J. Lin, and L.M. Parson, pp. 95-110, AGU, Washington, D. C.

Zhu, J., J. Lin, S. Guo, and Y.J. Chen* (2008), Hydrothermal plume anomalies along the Central Indian Ridge, Chinese Science Bulletin, 53(16), 2527-2535.

Fu, Y. V., Y. J. Chen*, A. Li, S. Zhou, X. Liang, G. Ye, G. Jin, M. Jiang, and J. Ning (2008), Indian mantle corner flow at southern Tibet revealed by shear wave splitting measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L02308, doi:10.1029/2007GL031753.

Liang, X., S. Zhou, Y. J. Chen*, G. Jin, L. Xiao, P. Liu, Y. Fu, Y. Tang, X. Lou, and J. Ning (2008), Earthquake distribution in southern Tibet and its tectonic implications, J. Geophys. Res., 113, B12409, doi:10.1029/2007JB005101.

Wei, S., Y.J. Chen*, E. Sandvol, S. Zhou, H. Yue, G. Jin, T.M. Hearn, M. Jiang, H. Wang, W. Fan, Z. Liu, Z. Ge, Y. Wang, and J. Ni (2010), Regional earthquakes in northern Tibetan Plateau: Implications for lithospheric strength in Tibet, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L19307, doi:10.1029/2010GL044800. Citation: 6

Zhu, J., J. Lin, Y. J. Chen*, C. Tao, C. R. German, D. R. Yoerger, and M. A. Tivey (2010), A reduced crustal magnetization zone near the first observed active hydrothermal vent field on the Southwest Indian Ridge, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L18303, doi:10.1029/2010GL043542.

Chen, Y.J., and S.-P. Pei (2010), Tomographic structure of East Asia: II. Stagnant slab above 660 km discontinuity and its geodynamic implications, Earthquake Science, Volume 23, Number 6, 613-626, DOI: 10.1007/s11589-010-0760-4.

Fu, Y.V., A. Li, and Y. J. Chen (2011), Crustal and Upper Mantle Structure of Southeast Tibet from Rayleigh Wave Tomography, J. Geophys. Res., 115, B12323, doi:10.1029/2009JB007160.

Pei, S., Y. Sun, M.N. Toksoz, Y.J. Chen, X. Gao, Z. Wang, J. Zhao, and H. Liu (2011), Imaging Poisson’s ratio of uppermost mantle beneath China, BSSA, 101,1452-1461, doi:10.1785/0120090024.

Liang, X., Sandvol, E., Chen*, Y.J., Hearn, T., Ni, J., Klemperer, S., Shen, Y., Tilmann, F. (2012). A complex Tibetan upper mantle: A fragmented Indian slab and no south-verging subduction of Eurasian lithosphere. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 333-334, 101-111, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.03.036.

Pei, S. and Y.J. Chen* (2012), Link between seismic velocity structure and the 2010 Ms 7.1 Yushu earthquake, Qinghai, China: Evidence from aftershocks tomography, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 102 (1), doi: 10.1785/0120110138.

Yue, H., Y. J. Chen*, E. Sandvol, J. F. Ni, T. M. Hearn, S. Zhou, Y. Feng, Z. Ge, A. Trujillo, Y. Wang, G. Jin, Y. Tang, X. Liang, M. Jiang, and S. Wei (2012), Lithospheric and Upper Mantle Structure of the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B05307, doi:10.1029/2011JB008545.

Gong, J., and Y. J. Chen* (2013), Evidence of lateral asthenosphere flow beneath the South China craton driven by both Pacific plate subduction and the India-Eurasia continental collision, Terra Nova, doi:10.1111/ter.12069.

Tang, Y., Y. J. Chen*, S. Zhou, J. Ning, and Z. Ding (2013), Lithosphere structure and thickness beneath the North China Craton from Joint inversion of ambient noise and surface wave tomography, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 118, 2333-2346.

Tang, Y., M. Obayashi, F. Niu , S. Grand, Y.J. Chen, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, J. Ning, J. Ni (2014), Changbaishan volcanism in northeast China linked to subduction-induced mantle upwelling, Nature Geoscience, 7, 470-475, doi:10.1038/ngeo2166. (SCI)

Li, J.., H. Jian, Y. John Chen*, S. Singh, A. Ruan, X. Qiu, M. Zhao, X. Wang, X. Niu, J. Ni, J. Zhang, and the DY115-06 Scientifit Team (2015), Seismic evidence of extremely thick crust with a lower crustal melt body at the ultra-slow Southwest Indian Ridge, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, doi:10.1002/2014GL062521.

Guo, Z., Y.J. Chen*, J. Ning, Y. Feng, S. Grand, F. Niu , H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, M. Obayashi, J. Ni (2015), High resolution crustal structure beneath NE China from 3D joint inversion of ambient noise and receiver functions using NECESSArray data, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 416, 1-11.

Xue, J., Y. Zhou, and Y.J. Chen (2015), Tomographic resolution of plume anomalies in the lowermost mantle, Geophys. J. Int., 201 (2), 979-995, doi:10.1093/gji/ggv067.

Guo, Z., Y.J. Chen*, J. Ning, Y. Yang, J.C. Afonso, and Y. Tang, Crustal and upper mantle structure of Northeast China from Rayleigh wave tomography: evidence of an on-going upper mantle convection for intra-plate volcanism, Earth Planet. Sci. Letts, under revision, 2015.

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